Okinawa: America’s Japanese Colony

After the Japanese surrender in World War II, the island of Okinawa became the principle station of the US military forces in Japan, hosting over 20,000 American families and occupying 20% of the islands landmass.

The damage this has done to the ecosystem and people of Okinawa is manifest, and the Okinawans are pushing to have the US military presence removed from their island altogether.

Sources:

Okinawa – 1.3 million Japanese
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Okinawa_Island

How US forces came to be in Japan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Forces_Japan

Number of Americans on Okinawa
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2008/03/25/reference/basics-of-the-u-s-military-presence/#.VYFA4PlVhBc

Rapes during occupation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rape_during_the_occupation_of_Japan

Rapes by US soldiers against Okinawans
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/feb/11/japan.usa
http://edition.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/asiapcf/east/06/12/okinawa.rape/index.html?iref=allsearch
http://www.stripes.com/news/pacific/japan/us-troops-in-japan-hit-with-curfew-after-alleged-rape-on-okinawa-1.193632
http://edition.cnn.com/2013/03/01/world/asia/japan-u-s-rape-sentencing/

Crimes against natives
http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/335027

Rally against occupation
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HEv80BQ3Ezk

Chalmers Johnson’s Blowback
http://nypolisci.org/files/PDF%20FILES/Chapter%20VIII_%202_Blowback.pdf

Military occupation from the perspective of Okinawans
http://www.japanfocus.org/-yoshio-shimoji/3354/article.html
http://www.tofugu.com/2015/02/11/japans-sacrificial-lamb-okinawa-military-base-controversy/

Okinawa is the poorest part of Japan
http://english.ryukyushimpo.jp/2013/12/20/12627/

Okinawans sick and tired of occupation
http://rt.com/op-edge/206495-okinawa-us-military-base-onaga/

Japan willing to pay money to remove the base
http://rt.com/news/japan-usa-okinawa-drones-697/

Okinawans in Revolt
http://www.democracynow.org/2014/1/16/okinawas_revolt_decades_of_rape_environmental
http://rt.com/news/253869-japan-okinawa-protest-military/

Governor elected on platform of shutting the base
http://time.com/3588534/takeshi-onaga-okinawa-governor-u-s-futenma-airbase-hirokazu-nakaima/
http://rt.com/news/205975-okinawa-governor-usa-base/

Governor approves base move
http://edition.cnn.com/2013/12/27/world/asia/japan-controversial-u-s-airbase/
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2013/12/27/okinawa-futenma-marines-pacific/4216847/

Thousands rally
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HEv80BQ3Ezk

Okinawa governor blocks base
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/23/okinawa-governor-blocks-marine-base-takeshi-onaga

Deadlock deepens over base
http://www.defensenews.com/story/defense/2015/04/17/deadlock-deepens-over-us-base-relocation-in-japan/25951333/

More protests
http://www.japantoday.com/category/national/view/thousands-rally-against-u-s-military-base-on-okinawa
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/05/17/national/politics-diplomacy/thousands-protest-u-s-futenma-base-in-okinawa/#.VYKzCflVhBc

Okinawa report
http://www.genuinesecurity.org/partners/report/Okinawa.pdf